Everything about National Exit Test (NExT)

Let’s try to understand NExt (National Exit Exam) in simple words. In todays article we will go through the following topics:

  • What is Next Exam ?
  • New Process for getting a medical license
  • Subject wise marks distribution and exam pattern for NEXT
  • Weightage for questions asked in NEXT 1
  • Purpose of introducing NEXT Exam

This exam is currently known as FMGE (Foreign Medical Graduate Exam) which is mandatory for only those medical graduates who have completed their MBBS course from abroad and willing to practice in India. With the implementation of the NEXT exam, all medical graduates whether they have studied MBBS from Indian or Abroad will have to qualify for the NEXT exam

What is NEXT?

NMC (National Medical Council) has introduced the bill in 2019 with an aim to replace NEET PG and the professor exam in the university. After that, the Ministry of health and family welfare also brought a draft in 2020. Now the scenario is, there will be a single-window examination for both Indian medical graduates and Foreign medical graduates.

NEXT will replace existing FMGE and NEET PG and it will count as the qualifying final exam for MBBS students. It will be licensing test for student who wants to practice medicine in India as well as it will be a gateway to post-graduation.

The main objective of the NEXT is to meet the following needs:

  • Providing licenses to MBBS graduates for practicing in India
  • Candidates can apply for PG medical programs such as MS, MD, etc
  • Now students do not require to qualify for FMGE & NEET PG separately. NEXT will be a common exam for both.

NEXT is not an entrance exam, it is an exit test which means it’s a Pass and Fails exam in which candidates have to score 50% marks only.

New Process for getting a medical license

Note 1PG seats will be allotted to the students according to the marks obtained in NEXT 1 only.

Note 2NEXT 2 is a pass-fail exam, the candidate will get the license after clearing NEXT 2.

Subject wise marks distribution and exam pattern for NEXT 1

As per the detail available on NMC official website, the exam pattern, subject-wise number of questions are given below. 
NEXT 1 is a 3 days exam that is further categorized into 2 parts, 3 hours exam in Pre-lunch and 1.5 hours in Post lunch period.

DayScheduleTimeSubjects No. of questions
1Pre-lunch3 HrsMedical Allied120
1Post lunch1.5 HrsPediatrics60
2Pre-lunch3 HrsSurgery & Allied120
2Post lunch1.5 HrsENT60
3Pre-lunch3 HrsObstetrics and Gynecology120
3Post lunch1.5 HrsOpthalmology60
Total13.5 Hrs540

Weightage for questions asked in NEXT 1

Question typeWeightage
Problem Solving questions60%
Comprehension and analysis30%
Applied Basics Sciences10%
Preventive and Public Health10%


It is fully based on clinical knowledge based on your internship. It is mandatory to get a medical license. Students can appear in NEXT 2 after completing 12 months internship.

Purpose of introducing NEXT Exam

  • The main objective of this exam is to create more skillful medical practitioners in India to strengthen the health system.
  • This exam will increase the standard of education in the country as well as equalize the process of getting a medical license in India. Now both the graduates who have done MBBS from Indian private/Government college and Abroad, all will have to undergo the same process.
  • The NEXT exam will be valid for a minimum of 3 years
  • This exam will make the students more confident about their medical skills.
  • This exam will bring transparency and uniformity in the process of getting a license. This exam will set a standard to show up the equivalence in the studies of doctors.

The above information has been taken from different sources. For any queries please comment on this post.

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