Anatomy Important Questions for MBBS – Part 1

Most students study anatomy for the whole year, spending much less time on other 1st-year MBBS subjects such as physiology and biochemistry. But we have to keep in mind that every subject is important. So, we are starting our new section of Anatomy Important Questions.

We have to read the subject in a technical way, which means we have to highlight the important topics that are usually covered in previous exams and read them in-depth. And it will generate a good raw concept of anatomy. Also for anatomy, we need to focus on anatomical images from various good sources. (which we will talk about in the next article)

some points we need to follow before starting to read stressless anatomy:

  • Take suggestions from your immediate seniors. and Stay confident
  • Find important topics from previous year papers and mark them on books
  • Use pictures, diagrams to learn anatomy.
  • Stick to one good book and use atlas(like Netter’s)
  • After reading topic completely discuss it with your friends, it will help in memorizing the topic.
  • We should try to relate the anatomical names to the region (Like sternoclavicular joint – Means joint between sternum and clavicle).
  • Only use mnemonics for a few topics (like brachial plexus). Since there are many mnemonics, it will also be more difficult to remember. Try creating your own mnemonics if you like.
  • Don’t spell wrong (specially for anatomy) and write down point wise. This will help in scoring good marks.

CHECK OUT: Anatomy Mnemonics PDF Free Download

Below are the topics that are most important in anatomy for 1st year MBBS. Read all of these followings for short and long questions. Because short notes may come as long questions. So we don’t divide the topics as short/long questions.

In this Part (I) of the post, we will cover Anatomy Important Questions of Upper Limb and Thorax. In the coming posts, we will cover other regions of the body.

THORAX

Thorax or chest - Definition and more | THE-DEFINITION.COM
Source: The Definition

Thorax is a small chapter. So reading these topics below you can give the answers in exam.

Important Topics

  1. Coronary arteries branches, origin and applied anatomy ⭐
  2. Thoracic duct origin, course and tributaries
  3. Right atrium. ⭐
  4. Right Ventricle
  5. Intercostal muscles and their action.
  6. Differences between right and left lung. ⭐
  7. Bronchopulmonary segments of right lung and left lung ⭐
  8. Structures passing through the hilum of right lung and left lung ⭐
  9. Atrial septal defect – SN
  10. Arch of Aorta – SN ⭐
  11. Structures related to the mediastinal surface of right lung and left lung
  12. Main opening of diaphragm and structures passing through them.
  13. Why oesophageal opening is in muscular part of diaphragm.
  14. Sites of constrictions of oesophagus.
  15. Branches of a typical intercostal nerve.
  16. Pleural recesses – SN ⭐
  17. Azygous vein – SN ⭐
  18. Thoracic inlet syndrome. ⭐

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UPPER LIMB

The human upper limb anatomy structure. | Download Scientific Diagram
Source: Research Gate

Bones

Read Definition, Ossification (Type, Centers), Anatomical position, Parts, Attachments (Origin/Insertion), Clinical anatomy of fractured bones, Arterial supply of these bones below :

  1. Clavicle
  2. Scapula
  3. Humerus
  4. Radius

Joints

Read Definition, Types, Articular surfaces, Ligaments, vessels and nerves, Movements of these joints below (muscles producing movements in shoulder joint) :

  1. Shoulder
  2. Elbow joint (Also read anastomosis around elbow joint)
  3. Carpometacarpal joint (Type)
  4. Wrist Joint

Muscles

For muscles, we have to read only origin/insertion and nerve supply. The important muscles are :

  1. Deltoid (Function also)
  2. Serratus anterior
  3. Subclavius
  4. Pectoralis major/minor
  5. Latissimus dorsi
  6. Triceps and Biceps Branchii
  7. Lumbricals (Function also)
  8. Names of thener and hypothener muslces
  9. (Read names of muslces of different regions like pectoral region, hand etc)

Important Topics

  1. Lymphatic drainage of Breast. ⭐
  2. Anatomy of breast and Peau d’orange 
  3. Clavipectoral fascia. ⭐
  4. Serratus anterior muscle – Short Note
  5. Deltoid muscle – Attachments and nerve supply.
  6. Brachial plexus – Def, Components, Clinical, branches. ⭐
  7. Erb’s paralysis ⭐ and Klumpke’s paralysis.
  8. Branches of axillary artery.
  9. shoulder joint – Type and articular surfaces, Capsule and ligaments, Movements and muscles producing them, Applied aspect.
  10. Triangle of auscultation.
  11. Rotator cuff and their nerve supply. ⭐
  12. Cubital fossa – contents, boundaries. ⭐
  13. Carpal tunnel syndrome – SN 
  14. Anatomical snuff box – SN
  15. Palmer aponeurosis – SN
  16. Axilla boundaries and contents.
  17. Dupuytren’s contracture – SN
  18. Flexor retinaculum (Structure passing) – SN 
  19. Palmer aponeurosis – SN 
  20. Arterial anastomosis around elbow – (For conecpt/ look atlas)
  21. Radial/Ulner/Median Nerve,Axillary – Origin and root value, Course, Distribution/structures supplied, Applied anatomy. (Any of them come in every exams) ⭐
  22. Musculocutaneous nerve
  23. Brachial/Radial artery branches. ⭐
  24. Elbow joint.
  25. Flexor digitorum profundus.
  26. Branches of 3rd part of axillary artery. ⭐
  27. Muscles responsible for abduction at shoulder joint.
  28. Wrist drop – SN
  29. Claw hand – SN ⭐
  30. Tennis Elbow – SN
  31. Students Elbow – SN ⭐
  32. Scapular anastomosis

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