History: Use of Masks (The Bubonic Plague)

The Bubonic Plague (sin. Black Plague) was the cause of one of the most dramatic pandemics in human history, occurring in the second half of the 14th century. In Europe, it is estimated that the Plague killed about 1/3 of the population, having no preferences for age group, gender, morbid history… Killed without asking.

Bubonic Plague is caused by the bacillus Yersinia pestis, originating in the Asian continent, more precisely in China. Its arrival in Europe is closely related to the spice trade, with caravans coming and going from Asia towards the Mediterranean.

Initially, the disease spread in rats and, shortly thereafter, fleas were infected with the bacillus, being later transmitted to people. In the most advanced stage of the pandemic, transmission was by aerosols and droplets (giving rise to the famous “Black Plague” masks).

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